Intensive Outpatient Program (I.O.P.) Part One: What is I.O.P?

Intensive Outpatient Programs or IOP’s are programs designed to help individuals who need more treatment than just individual counseling but less treatment than inpatient or partial hospitalization. IOP’s are typically designed to be in a group therapy format and often meet anywhere from 3-5 days a week, typically averaging 9 hours of treatment per week anywhere from 5 weeks to a year (Mee-Lee et al. 2001).

When I was given the opportunity to be apart of an Intensive Outpatient Program, I had absolutely no idea what to expect. I was told the logistics of it: when we would meet, what time, and where, but I had no clue what it actually entailed. The only experience I had with group therapy prior to treatment, was my mock group counseling class in college, and that was not a great time. Even having studied counseling in college, I had never heard of IOP before. I was terrified upon making the decision to join one, and that led me to do some research.

While doing my research to help me understand what it was that I would be walking into, I was surprised by the lack of information out there. I mostly just found information from treatment centers, addictions/recovery centers, and healthcare websites. For the life of me, I could not find any information from someone who had actually been apart of one. I longed to hear that IOP helped someone and wanted to learn what I had to look forward to. I found none of that. That is why I have decided to share my own personal experiences.

Going into IOP I felt defeated, ashamed and just beaten down. I felt like my pride had been shattered by having to take that step to join IOP. I felt ashamed that my mental health had gotten to a point that I needed more treatment. I was scared that I was unfixable. But Intensive Outpatient Program has forever changed my life for the better. It was one of the hardest decisions I have ever had to make, but has been one of the best. I have made lasting relationships with people from all walks of life, and I no longer feel stuck.

I went into IOP hoping that it would help me get better, but I still had nagging thoughts in the back of my head that it wouldn’t. Like I said, I had no idea what to expect walking into my first day of IOP. I thought it would just be everyone sitting in a circle talking about their problems, and maybe some intensive outpatient programs are that way, but I’m glad mine was not. IOP was so much more than that.

IOP is about working together as a group to retrain your brain. It’s about experiences and doing activities together to bring you closer and to create movement within you. It’s about vulnerability in a group setting, acceptance, forgiveness, shame, and so much more. IOP is about community and being apart of something bigger than yourself to help you understand that you are not alone. IOP is about experiencing your emotions and your pain and learning how to move past it. IOP is so much more than just sitting in a circle, sharing about your issues, or doing worksheets. It’s about experiences.

The activities and experiences in IOP are there to help clients and are highly encouraged by the therapist to participate; however, it is ultimately the client’s decision whether or not they join in. It takes courage to be vulnerable in a group setting, to share their heart, and to participate in many of the activities. But ultimately whether or not a client experiences growth by the end of IOP depends upon their participation and willingness to jump in. It is not a cure-all, but it is a great tool to help promote growth and movement when a client feels stuck.

Obviously this is all from my own personal experience and every Intensive Outpatient Program or group is different. I want to share my experiences so that those who are about to attend an IOP can get a glimpse into what to expect. It was also brought to my attention during this journey that many therapists and medical providers don’t know what IOP is either, and thus aren’t able to offer these programs as a treatment option. It is my hope that by sharing my experience and being vulnerable, more people will be able to receive the care that they need or want. As I mentioned before, I studied counseling and I had never heard of IOP. So many people could really benefit from this type of help, if it was just talked about more.

Being vulnerable online is not easy for me, it’s scary. But if sharing my story can help just ONE person out there, then it is worth it. I have been SO blessed to have the support that I have had. I have seen God’s hand in every aspect of my journey, especially in relation to IOP. God has been there in every detail, from the therapist leading the group, to the members in the group, to every activity we have done, He has been there. I am so grateful. God loves us, and He created us to experience emotions, and I firmly believe that He too wants mental health to be a priority in each of our lives. If IOP is the way He wants to do that, then let Him.

I’m going to be sharing even more of myself and my journey through IOP in the coming days, weeks or months. If you’re interested in that content, feel free to follow this blog. If you have any questions or you have your own experiences with IOP I’d love to hear them in the comments below! Thank you for reading my rambles.

As always, I am not a licensed therapist and these thoughts/opinions are all my own. If you are in crisis or feel hopeless, please call 911 or the suicide hotline at 1-800-273-8255.

Mee-Lee, D.; Shulman, G.D.; Callahan, J.F.; Fishman, M.; Gastfriend, D.; Hartman, R.; and Hunsicker, R.J., eds. Patient Placement Criteria for the Treatment of Substance-Related Disorders: Second Edition-Revised (PPC-2R). Chevy Chase, MD: American Society of Addiction Medicine, 2001. 

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